Organization is key to any endeavor from the garden, and even easy tasks, such as planting a rose bush, are no exception. Successful rose farming follows a lot of the principles followed when growing other plant life, such as selecting an ideal planting area, correct soil enrichment and adequate, diligent watering. However, proper preparation, efficacy and familiarity with every step prior to beginning allows you to not just plant your rose bush accurately, but plant it fast.
Select a planting area in your lawn or garden which receives six hours of sunlight each day. Pick an area with good aeration and drainage, far removed from trees and vegetation with vigorous root systems.
Remove all surface vegetation from your chosen bed area working with a low-toxicity herbicide containing the active ingredient glyphosate three to five months ahead of your planting date.
Distribute 2 inches of organic compost and 6 to 8 pounds of superphosphate above the planting area.
Utilize the compost and superphosphate 12 to 14 inches into the soil using a garden spade. Water the bed area to a depth of 12 to 14 inches. Allow the soil to dry completely. You can tell whether the soil is dry by forming a small sphere with it. If it crumbles, it is dry; when it sticks together, it is moist.
Insert the garden situated at the soil to a depth of 8 inches and turn the soil over. Break up clumps of dirt with the point of the spade. Work the whole bed using the spade until all clumps are split.
Water the bed again to a depth of 12 to 14 inches another month and allow it to dry. Work the dirt again using the spade in the exact same manner as before. Continue watering and working the dirt monthly prior to the planting date.
Check the bed space to make sure the dirt is dry. If moist, wait until it dries before proceeding. Set the rose plant in a garden bucket large enough to include the root system. Cover the root system using cool water and allow it to soak for 24 hours.
Dig a 12- to 24-inch heavy hole with a diameter of 16 to 18 inches from the bed with a scoop shovel. Backfill the hole with the excavated dirt until it reaches 8 inches under the bed level.
Press the dirt at the base of the hole firmly by hand. Make a cone-shaped mound at the center of the hole using the excavated dirt tall enough to reach 3 inches under the bed level.
Remove the rose plant from the garden bucket and sever all damaged roots with bypass pruners. Prune 1 inch from the tips of the rest of the roots and set the plant in the hole, in addition to the mound.
Cover the roots with the excavated dirt. Fill the hole with water into the bed level allow it to drain. Fill the hole again and allow the water drain.
Shovel the dirt in the hole, mounding it scarcely over the bed level. Mound dirt from a compost pile around the plant until it reaches 6 inches above the bud union.